Michał Kleofas Ogiński was born in Guzów, Żyrardów County near Warsaw September,25 in 1765 and was dead in Florence, Italy October, 15 in 1833. He was buried in the Pantheon of great personalities in the Church of Santa Croce in Florence near to Galileo, Michelangelo, Rossini, Machiavelli, Czartoryski Princesses. He was a Polish diplomat and politician Grand Treasurer of Lithuania and a senator of Tsar Alexander I. He was also a composer of the earliest romantic music and this polonaise explains very well his composition’s style. The polonaise Farewell to my Homeland was written in 1794 on the occasion of his emigration to western Europe after the failure of the Kościuszko Uprising, an insurrection against Imperial Russia and the Kingdom of Prussia in the Commonwealth of Poland and the Prussian partition in 1794. This piece, with its melancholic melodies and fantasia-like passages, can be considered among the earliest examples of romantic music. Totally, he composed 20 polonaises, piano pieces, mazurkas, marches, romances, and waltzes.
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